Childhood Autism:(Kanner’s syndrome, early infantile syndrome, infantile psychosis or childhood schizophrenia)

In 1944 Kanmer described a clinical syndrome in children to which he gave the name early infantile autism. Though great variations in severity and manifestations of the disturbance were observe, the one symptom common to all children with the disease was an inability to relate appropriately to people and situations. Using the term ‘autistic child’ is derogatory which has now been replaced by ‘child with autism’. The term autism is from the Greek word “autos” meaning “self”.

  • They seem to be self sufficient and introverted.
  • They want to be left alone, when tired or unhappy autistic children remain detached
  • Relate well to objects. They will remain occupied with moving or shiny inanimate objects, such as string of keys or a spinning top for hours.
  • Typically display anger or affection with a toy.

Prevalence:

            The prevalence of ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is 6 per 1000 people.

Dental considerations:

  • Behaviour management techniques like tell-show-do, positive reinforcement and rewards may be helpful in some children.
  • Immobilization devices like Papoose board and Pediwrap may produce calming effect in some children.
  • Use of sedation and GA may be necesssary for some children.